Implementing a basic skincare routine can help to keep your skin clear, smooth and young. Start by determining your skin type, so that you can look for products that are specifically designed to target it. Skin types are generally divided into four categories: Oily, dry, combination (some oily areas and some dry areas) and sensitive.
A basic skincare routine starts with cleansing in order to remove dirt, oils, pollutants, dust and bacteria that have built up throughout the day. The next step is to balance and detoxify the skin with toner.
After toning, it’s time to hydrate and soften the skin with moisturizer. Finally, it’s critical to use sunscreen with a rating of at least SPF 30, all year round, in order to avoid damage to the skin from UV exposure.
A basic skincare routine can be customized and enhanced with the use of a weekly exfoliator (in order to remove dead skin cells), face masks, eye creams (for fine lines or puffiness), collagen peptidespowder orsupplements (to support firmer, brighter and younger-looking skin) and serums that address your areas of concern.
For the best results, optimize your lifestyle for healthier skin by sticking to a routine, drinking eight glasses of water daily, eating clean, whole foods and avoiding touching your face.
Building a basic skincare routine is important for everyone, regardless of age or skin type. But with the sheer number of products that are available in stores and online these days, it can be hard to know where to start.
A simple and sustainable skincare routine will help to keep your skin smooth, clear, young and healthy, while repairing past damage and helping to prevent future issues. It can also be a grounding and enjoyable ritual that invites a littlebit of self-care into your day.
When it comes to skincare, more is not always better. An effective skincare routine is simple to follow, and emphasizes quality of products over quantity.
Most basic skincare routines start with four key products.
Keep in mind that once you have a handle on the basics, you can always add or modify products or steps that support your individual skincare needs.
When it comes to building your ideal basic skincare routine, the first step is to determine your skin type. Everyone’s skin is a little bit different, and this is influenced by a number of factors from DNA to diet.
To make things simple, experts have identified four general skin types. When choosing products, you want to look for those that are recommended for the type that most closely reflects your own skin.
Some people know right away what their skin type is, while others may be less sure. If your skin type isn’t immediately obvious, try observing your skin more closely for a few days or weeks and taking notice of any issues that come up, like breakouts, redness, or a shiny appearance. If there are no obvious concerns, you might want to opt for products recommended for combination or “normal” skin.
The foundation of any basic skincare routine is cleansing the face. Every day, our skin is exposed to dirt, dust, environmental pollutants, oils and bacteria. Cleansing helps to remove these foreign substances in order to reduce the likelihood of breakouts and clogged pores, and improve the overall look, feel and health of your skin.
Cleansing is also important as a first step, because when your skin is clear of dirt and pollutants, it will be able to absorb other skincare products more effectively.
Many products specify which skin type(s) they’re best suited for, but when searching for your ideal cleanser, there are a few general guidelines to keep in mind.
You can also look for the term “non-comedogenic,” which essentially means that the product is less likely to trigger breakouts or clog your pores. Keep an eye on how your skin responds within the first few weeks. If you notice new or worsening dryness or an oily appearance, it may be best to try a different cleanser.
More than 50 percent of American adults say that they often skip facial cleansing before bedtime, with 60 percent reporting that they feel uninformed about how to properly cleanse their skin(1). A few simple tips can help with this.
When cleansing your face, make sure to wash your hands first so that you’re not introducing any new dirt or bacteria onto your skin. After cleansing, rinse with water that is warm but not hot, as hot water can strip healthy, essential oils from your face. Pat your skin dry gently, and avoid any harsh rubbing(2).
Some people use a cleanser twice a day, while others use one only once. Excessive cleansing can dry out the skin, so if your skin is on the drier side, you may want to stick to one daily use.
Toner, which is designed to balance the skin and help with detoxification, is thought of by many experts as optional. However, if you do choose to include this step, it should always be done after cleansing and before moisturizing.
Toners are thin liquids that help with the absorption of other products that may be applied afterwards, like serums and moisturizer. They also help to remove any lingering dirt and debris that may have remained on the skin after cleansing.
Many toners are designed for specific purposes including reducing redness, balancing your complexion and reducing signs of aging. Choosing a toner that has been formulated to help with your unique skincare goals is a great way to give your routine a personalized boost.
Look for calming ingredients like rosewater for sensitive, irritated skin; antioxidants and vitamins C and E to reduce the effects of aging; or hyaluronic acid for an extra dose of hydration.
Dermatologists and skincare experts agree that moisturizer is an essential component of any basic skincare routine. We all lose some of our natural ability to retain moisture with age, but daily habits and exposures can cause a loss of hydration at any age (3). Moisturizing daily helps to hydrate the skin, keeping it soft, smooth and youthful.
Some people assume that if their skin is oily, they don’t need or shouldn’t use moisturizer. This is actually not the case, as a lack of adequate hydration can send a signal to your skin that it needs to produce even more oil.
We all need a good daily moisturizer, but different skin types may benefit from different kinds. Generally, those with oily or acne-prone skin do best with lightweight gels, while those with dry skin are better off using heavier creams. Balms are good for sensitive skin, and those with normal or combination skin can generally stick with the more classic moisturizing lotions.
Some moisturizers are specifically designed to help protect the skin from environmental exposures that come up during the day, while others are meant to be used at night to repair damage and replenish moisture overnight.
When choosing whether to use a daytime or nighttime moisturizer (or both), keep in mind that the skin is more permeable at night, and therefore absorbs more of the products you use. The skin also loses a great deal of moisture overnight, so this is the best time to use heavier or stronger products(4).
No skincare routine is complete without protection from the sun. UV exposure can lead to wrinkles, dark spots, blemishes and other effects of photoaging, as well as an increased risk of some skin cancers, regardless of how many other skincare products you’re using(5).
Sunscreen should be used every day, all year, regardless of the weather. Look for products that specify broad-spectrum SPF of 30 or higher. Many daily moisturizers also contain SPF.
Now that you’ve built a foundation, you can give your skincare routine a boost with some or all of these helpful products.
Building a basic skincare routine is important for individuals of all ages, and can help to improve the look, feel and overall health of your skin.
There are all kinds of different skincare products on the market, but a basic routine consists of cleansing, balancing with toner, moisturizing and protecting the skin from sun exposure. Once you have determined your skin type, you can select the best products, and develop your own at-home skincare ritual.
To enhance your skincare routine and give yourself an extra boost, try adding a weekly exfoliator or supplementing withcollagen peptides.
Ellie Ellias -Contributing Writer, Physician’s Choice
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